Golgi, Camillo


Golgi, Camillo
(1843–1926)
   Born in the small mountain village of Corteno, near Brescia (Lombardy), Camillo Golgi won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1906 (the same year Giosue Carducci won the literature prize). Golgi studied at the University of Pavia in the 1860s and after graduating in 1865 worked as a doctor, winning in 1872 a public examination to become primario(head doctor of a ward) at the Abbiategrasso hospice for the terminally ill in Milan. It was while he was working there that Golgi made his first crucial discovery, which he published in a paper called “On the Structure of Brain Grey Matter.” This discovery was the so-called black reaction, the fact that by staining nervous tissue with silver nitrate, it was possible to see nerve cell structure in its entirety. “Golgi staining” is still used by doctors and researchers today. In 1876, Golgi was appointed professor of histology at Pavia University; in 1881, he became professor of general pathology. Over the next three decades, he made Pavia a center of world-class research in medicine, nurturing the careers of numerous outstanding young researchers.
   Golgi’s discovery of black reaction set off a major scientific debate and was regarded as a crucial breakthrough in the field. He was subsequently to make many more discoveries. The distinction he made between the two types of nerve cells is standard today; they are known, in fact as “Golgi type 1” and “Golgi type 2” neurons. Golgi also made a fundamental contribution to the cure of malaria by understanding the cycle of the disease and by experimenting with quinine as its cure. In 1897–1898, Golgi discovered the so-called Golgi apparatus, a major breakthrough in cell biology that was, however, only confirmed in the 1950s and 1960s by the use of electron microscopes. In 1906, Golgi shared the Nobel Prize with the Spanish physiologist Santiago Ramon y Cajal. Golgi was rector of Pavia University and became a senator in 1900. He died in Pavia in January 1926.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Golgi, Camillo — Médico patólogo e histólogo italiano nacido en 1843. Describió el orgánulo celular que se denominó posteriormente con su nombre e inventó un método de tinción específico para las células nerviosas. En 1906 recibió el premio Nobel de Medicina y… …   Diccionario médico

  • GOLGI Camillo — (1843 1926) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/historiamedicina/personas/golgi.htm]: Patólogo italiano que realizó importantes descubrimientos sobre la estructura y función de células nerviosas. Inventó la tinción que lleva su nombre a base de… …   Diccionario médico

  • Golgi, Camillo — (7 jul. 1843/44, Corteno, Italia–21 ene. 1926, Pavía). Médico y citólogo italiano. Ideó una forma de teñir el tejido nervioso con lo que descubrió una neurona, denominada actualmente célula de Golgi, que posee numerosas extensiones cortas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Golgi, Camillo — born July 7, 1843/44, Corteno, Italy died Jan. 21, 1926, Pavia Italian physician and cytologist. He devised a way to stain nerve tissue and with it discovered a neuron, now called the Golgi cell, that has many short, branching extensions… …   Universalium

  • Golgi , Camillo — (1843–1926) Italian cytologist and histologist Born at Corteno near Brescia (now in Italy), Golgi studied medicine at Pavia University and thereafter mainly concerned himself with research on cells and tissues. In 1873, while serving as physician …   Scientists

  • Golgi,Camillo — Gol·gi (gōlʹjē), Camillo. 1844? 1926. Italian histologist. He shared a 1906 Nobel Prize for research on the structure of the nervous system. * * * …   Universalium

  • Golgi — Camillo …   Scientists

  • Golgi — Camillo Golgi Camillo Golgi (* 7. Juli 1843 oder 1844 in Corteno Golgi, Brescia, Italien; † 21. Januar 1926 in Pavia, Italien) war ein italienischer Mediziner und Physiologe. Er erhielt den Nobelpreis für Medizin im Jahr 1906 gemeinsam mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camillo Golgi — Naissance 7 juillet 1843 Corteno, Lombardie (Italie) Décès 21 janvier 1926 Pavie ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Camillo Golgi — Bartolomeo Camillo Golgi Nacimiento 7 de julio de …   Wikipedia Español